By Mark Rowlands
During this second variation, the writer has considerably revised his e-book all through, updating the ethical arguments and including a bankruptcy on animal minds. Importantly, instead of being a polemic on animal rights, this publication can also be a thought of and inventive assessment of ethical thought as explored during the factor of animal rights.
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Extra info for Animal Rights: Moral Theory and Practice
According to this, it is not individual acts that are subject to the test of utility but, rather, the rules they embody. According to this view, since society is impossible without individuals adhering to rules, we should assess the consequences not simply of acting in a particular way on a particular occasion but of making it a rule that we act in this way. Thus, we should perform whatever act is required by the best rule; and the best rule is one consistent adherence to which will maximize utility.
Its function is not to describe human beings, but prescribe how we should treat them. Then, given this understanding of the nature of the requirement of equal consideration, Singer goes on to argue that we are also committed to applying the requirement in our treatment of non-humans. As I have hopefully made clear in the preceding chapters, I believe that this is precisely the right strategy. That is, the case for the moral claims of non-humans turns decisively around the concept of equal consideration.
Therefore, in the quest for better weekend entertainment, network television decides to reinstitute the old Roman tradition of gladiatorial combat to the death. The viewing population who, you remember, has become severely desensitized to violence, is very excited about the idea. So too, therefore, are the advertisers. And so too, therefore, are the networks. The only problem is: fi nding the gladiators. The problem is solved when a young ambitious network executive hits upon the idea of using convicts on death row (or, in countries where there is no death penalty, those sentenced to life without the possibility of remission).