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By Phillip Talbot

In 1938 few american citizens knew approximately British-governed India or the nationalist hobbies then burgeoning there. Addressing this, a brand new York-based origin, the Institute of present global Affairs, presented 23-year-old Phillips Talbot a fellowship to spend a number of years in India studying in regards to the state. This quantity is a set of Talbot s letters written among 1938 and 1950, at the buildup to the independence of India and Pakistan, and the early reports of the hot states. Talbot s letters and studies from the sphere, awarded the following within the unique, contain his first-hand observations on pupil lifestyles at Aligarh Muslim collage, neighborhood existence in a small Muslim neighborhood in Kashmir, a Vedic ashram in Lahore, Tagore s Shantiniketan, Gandhi s Sevagram, the Kodaikanal Ashram Fellowship, and Hindu and Muslim city groups in Lahore and Bombay, and Afghanistan. studying approximately Indian politics, Talbot attended the most important conferences of the Indian nationwide Congress, together with the Ramgarh Conclave before everything of worldwide conflict II, and the All India Muslim League s Lahore consultation at which the Pakistan answer used to be followed in 1940, in addition to different assemblies akin to the Asian family convention within the spring of 1947. He got here to understand Gandhi, Nehru, Patel, Jinnah and different leaders. A informed journalist, Talbot experiences with aptitude, even if he's recounting the Lahore consultation of the Muslim League, or describing a stroll with Gandhi in Noakhali district of East Bengal after "the nice Calcutta killing" of 1946, or his final interview with Gandhi a number of weeks prior to the latter s assassination. For anyone wishing to get a ground-level view of South Asian society in its decisive decade, those letters from an American observer will turn out to be an relaxing learn.

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Please understand, Mr. Rogers, that I am passing on these observations merely to indicate the direction of my thoughts at this time. I recognize that the course for next year and the following ones won’t be plotted out until you and I have had some discussions this summer. And by that time my own proposals for the work may have become crystallized in a somewhat different direction. National Planning in India 28, Onslow Gardens South Kensington, London May 12, 1939 A S AN EVIDENCE of the direction of thought among some of the political elements of India, you will be interested to learn of a comprehensive questionnaire on national planning which has recently been addressed to the provincial and state governments and to industrial, commercial, labor and agricultural interests by the National Planning Committee, a Congress party body.

Nor was I disappointed. Escorted by an Aligarh party leader who said he could arrange for me to be put up in Muttra for two or three days, I arrived at the Congress camp just before dinnertime. The area was well filled with peasants, many of them preparing meals alongside their carts and camping impedimenta. A volunteer guide directed us to the entrance to a series of large tents, one opening into the next, that looked as if they must house camp headquarters. After a short conversation in Urdu with my escort, another guide took my card, asked if I was a journalist, and disappeared.

In each case the typical questions are: What facilities are already available in your province? What further development would be necessary? Is there any new departure which would aid a program of planned development? What incentive is there to research? How far does the government control the existing situation, and how far would it desire to exercise control under a national plan? Then there is a second type of question. ” Four examples will clarify the picture. ” (industries conducted by foreign capital and registered in India as Joint Stock Companies or affiliated to a nominally Indian concern) and what remedies do you suggest and what effective steps would you advise us to take that swadeshi (home) industries as defined by the Congress may grow up in your Province?

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