By Kevin N. Wright, Brent R. Whitaker
Amphibian drugs and Captive Husbandry is designed to introduce veterinary practitioners to the prognosis and therapy of ailment in captive amphibians. even supposing designed for the veterinary clinician, this article is a necessary a part of any herpetologist's library, masking numerous features of amphibian captive husbandry and propagation whereas delivering a company starting place that allows the reader to guage a given husbandry regimen. The prognosis of affliction in amphibians through the applying of uncomplicated clinicopathologic innovations is mentioned. Infectious, metabolic, dietary, neoplastic, and idiopathic issues of amphibians are tested intimately. absolutely illustrated, this quantity includes 243 colour photographs, 317 black and white figures, and fifty four tables that improve the usefulness of the textual content and should be of curiosity to zoos and aquariums with amphibian screens in addition to to libraries.
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Extra resources for Amphibian Medicine and Captive Husbandry
Shedding of the stratum corneum occurs on a regular basis. , 1993). 1B. Skeletal nomenclature of a typical salamander. (Bradley Duncan Powell, Johns Hopkins University Department of Art as Ap- plied to Medicine) .. 2A. The skeleton of a typical anuran. Not all anurans have all the skeletal elements depicted here, and the shape and arrangements of some skeletal elements may vary considerably. (John Gibb, Johns Hopkins University Department of Art as Applied to Medicine) The Adult Anuran. Most anurans have the typical amphibian integument, but modifications of the typical plan are numerous.
Many species of caecilians are known to have bladders that are bilobate. As with all amphibians, the mesonephric kidney cannot concentrate urine above the solute concentration of the plasma. 24 --AMPHIBIAN MEDICINE AND CAPTIVE HUSBANDRY The dual filtration of coelomic and vascular fluid by the amphibian's mesonephric kidney may affect the distribution and clearance of intracoelomically administered drugs. Without specific studies documenting the pharmacokinetics of a given drug on a particular species, the clinician must rely on personal clinical judgment when administering intracoelomic drugs.
Fecal matter is voided through the cloaca. Amphibian feces will contain undigested parts of the ingesta, including chitin, keratin, cellulose, and the bones that were not decalcified by the acid secretions of the stomach. The Adult Caecilian. The arrangement and distribution of teeth are diagnostic characters in the identification of many caecilians (Taylor, 1968). Multiple rows of teeth are a common feature of many caecilians. Multiple pancreatic ducts are present, while there is no valve separating the small intestine from the large intestine.