By Charles Wood Ph.D. (auth.), C. Meyers (eds.)
AIDS-associated viral oncology is an important healthcare challenge. because the id of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated got immune illness syndrome (AIDS), the position of viruses in human cancers has develop into acutely obvious over the last two decades. the certainty and remedy of AIDS-associated cancers has develop into a huge hindrance between healthcare organisations. Human cancers that have been as soon as infrequent within the inhabitants have now develop into universal in the HIV contaminated inhabitants.
Experts percentage their collective wisdom and look at the medical and organic facets, together with viruses good demonstrated of their roles, in addition to rising new viruses. This quantity can be a source for either individuals of the medical and healthcare neighborhood and energetic researchers during this field.
"Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - linked got immune illness syndrome (AIDS) locations members at elevated danger for virally mediated cancers. this article addresses the scientific and organic features of this subject. uncommon investigators within the box current a finished evaluation with relevance to laboratory scientists and training clinicians."
Steven T. Rosen, M.D.
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Extra info for Aids-Associated Viral Oncogenesis
122,124–127 TREATMENT OF HL Optimal regimen for HL in HIV-infected individuals has not yet been defined. Antineoplastic treatment of AIDS-associated HL has many problems considering the underlying immunodeficiency caused by HIV itself that is further compromised by additional chemotherapy. 110 Gerard and colleagues129 in a retrospective study over 15 years estimated the 2-year survival probability was 45% in the pre-HAART period, and 62% in the post-HAART period. 131 Chemotherapy and HAART Several prospective trials to date have now been done using antiretrovirals concomitantly with different chemotherapy regimens.
6,136,137 Biggar and colleagues135 used an AIDS-cancer registry and found that leiomyosarcomas appear to occur several years after AIDS onset, with three of the four cases occurring 33–76 months after AIDS diagnosis. 2. AIDS Malignancies 35 The relative risk of leiomyosarcoma during the time period 2–5 years after AIDS diagnosis was 1,915 (95% CI, 232–6,915). Granovsky and colleagues,138 in a retrospective analysis of cancer cases from the Children’s Cancer Group and National Cancer Institute, found that 11 among 64 children had leiomyosarcomas, representing 17% of all tumors and second behind NHL.
Eight of the 11 patients received CHOP-like regimen and CR was reached in 42% of the patients, with a median survival of 6 months. One of the three patients receiving no cytotoxic therapy also had CR, which may have occurred as result of HAART. Only two patients survived beyond a year, and both had a CR after cytotoxic therapy or occurring along with antiretroviral therapy. 273 Currently, no definite treatment recommendations can be made due to lack of sufficient data. 271 HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS HPV is a virus in the papovavirus family.