By Pietro Speroni di Fenizio, Peter Dittrich (auth.), Fernando Almeida e Costa, Luis Mateus Rocha, Ernesto Costa, Inman Harvey, António Coutinho (eds.)
This booklet constitutes the refereed court cases of the ninth ecu convention on synthetic existence, ECAL 2007, held in Lisbon, Portugal, September 2007.
The one hundred twenty five revised complete papers provided have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen. The papers are geared up in topical sections on conceptual articles, morphogenesis and improvement, robotics and independent brokers, evolutionary computation and conception, mobile automata, types of organic platforms and their purposes, ant colony and swarm platforms, evolution of communique, simulation of social interactions, self-replication, man made chemistry, and posters.
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Additional info for Advances in Artificial Life: 9th European Conference, ECAL 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, September 10-14, 2007. Proceedings
5 for simplicity and symmetry, but the two dividing schemes must have diﬀerent roles in natural systems, so they should be distinguished. One reason for these problems is that the formalism has no notion of volumes of cubicles. We will study this issue further. We believe the present approach will beneﬁcial for modelling and investigating a system in which many membranes interact with each other based on the biochemical composition of them, such as a system of organelles in a cell. References 1.
We call this attribute the sign of pattern. 0#AB/, and a positive one has no preﬁx like 0#CD/. The sign of a pattern in a membrane rule represents the direction of a matched v-molecule relative to the directions of other v-molecules that are matched by the other patterns of the rule (if any). 3 Recombination Recombination rules deﬁne the interaction among v-molecules, and the division and merger of membranes. Cubicle rules deﬁne (i) the reaction among cubicle vmolecules (we call such rules internal rules), (ii) the reaction in which the both types of v-molecules (cubicle and membrane) are involved (mediating rules), (iii) the division of a membrane (dividing rules), and (iv) the merger of two membranes (merging rules).
7 Conclusion: Implications of the Study The system presented here is, of course, radically simpliﬁed compared to any phenomena of real chemistry or biology. Its purpose is not to directly model such real systems. Rather it is presented as a deliberately minimal system which already illustrates how complex and counter-intuitive the evolutionary behaviour of such systems can be; but also, how the evolution can, indeed, be dramatically altered by the interaction between multiple levels of selection.