By Deborah Madden
John Wesley's Primitive Physic (1747) accomplished twenty-three variations in his lifetime, making sure its well known and arguable prestige in eighteenth-century drugs. this is often the 1st full-length research to ascertain the theological, highbrow and cultural heritage to at least one of the period's such a lot profitable scientific texts. via exploring Wesley's paintings within the context of his theology, 'A reasonable, secure and common drugs' extends the on-going reconfiguration of the connection among faith and drugs. Wesley was once on a theological undertaking to get well the primitive purity of the 1st Christians. but the treatments contained inside Primitive Physic recommend a practical philosopher, whose problem for religious well-being didn't hinder him from supplying sensible assistance to people who wanted it. The evolution of Wesley's considering additionally demonstrates the various struggles he confronted as chief of the Methodist circulate, akin to the way in which he dealt with modern feedback of Primitive Physic whilst spiritual 'enthusiasm' was once frequently conflated with clinical 'quackery'. 'A reasonable, secure and normal medication' should be of curiosity not just to scientific and literary historians, yet to somebody who's attracted to the best way faith affects drugs. Contents** Preface** Acknowledgements** half I: The scientific Holism of Primitive Physic** 1 creation: Primitive Physic Explain'd in a simple and average Method** 2 John Wesley's Hermeneutics of Primitive Christianity and useful Piety** three adventure and the typical curiosity of Mankind: Physic, an artwork or technology in Eighteenth-Century England?** four protecting wellbeing and fitness, or a number of simple and simple Rules** half II: Primitive Physic: 'A choice of Receipts'** five Primitive Physic: reasonable, secure and traditional medication for overall healthiness and lengthy Life** 6 end: the hunt for Pristine Purity** Bibliography** Index**
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Additional info for A Cheap, Safe and Natural Medicine. Religion, Medicine and Culture in John Wesley's Primitive Physic. (Clio Medica 83). (The Wellcome Series in the History of Medicine)
Routledge, 1994); J. Barry and C. Jones (eds), Medicine and Charity Before the Welfare State (London: Routledge, 1991). J. Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Enquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, trans T. Burger (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1989). The influence of Habermas over the history of Enlightenment science and medicine has been noted by Dorinda Outram. She argues that the way in which historians like Roy Porter have used his work is problematic due to the fact that Habermas did not assign science a specific place in the public realm: ‘Historians who follow Habermas can find no way from within that theory to explain why, or whether, science could be assigned this centrality’.
7 He esteemed those writings closest to The Acts, over and above second- and third-century texts, and believed that exceptional purity existed in this period; the most authentic commentators on Scripture were those nearest the fountain, which were also eminently imbued with that Spirit. C. 11 There was, however, nothing programmatic about Wesley’s use of Primitive Christianity and his conception of the early Church altered significantly over time. During his missionary trip to Georgia (1735–7) Wesley came into contact with the evangelical primitivism of the Moravian Brethren, and this association deepened his understanding of the spirit of early Christianity.
See, D. Madden, ‘Experience and the Common 24 Introduction 3. 4. 5. 6. Interest of Mankind: The Enlightened Empiricism of John Wesley’s Primitive Physic’, British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies, 26, 1 (2003), 41–53. Wesley, op. cit. (note 1), xv. The ‘neighbouring nation’ referred to is Ireland, but Primitive Physic was also printed in Wales and France. H. Plumb, England in the Eighteenth Century (London: Penguin, 1950), 95–6. There are numerous references to Wesley’s populist and ‘unorthodox’ scientific leanings – too many to cite.